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Annual Reports of the U.S. Lighthouse Board, 1868-1902.
Bachand, Robert G. Northeast Lights: Lighthouses and Lightships, Rhode Island to Cape May, New Jersey. Norwalk, CT: Sea Sports Publications, 1989.
Baldor, Lolita C. "Memories Haunt Penfield Lighthouse." Fairfield Citizen-News, July 22, 1983.
Barrow, F. A. "Wanderings in and about Bridgeport." Circa 1920s newspaper article, source unknown.
Bridgeport Post, "Coast Guard fails to solve Penfield Lighthouse mystery." March 16, 1972.
Bridgeport Post, "Light repaired at Penfield." March 17, 1972.
Bridgeport Post, "McKinney Moves to Save Fairfield's Penfield Light." January 14, 1970.
Bridgeport Post, "Penfield Lighthouse to Go Automatic on Saturday." September 2, 1971.
Bridgeport Post, "William Hardwick dies in 78th year." November 24, 1954.
Bridgeport Post, "Yes, Penfield Light erratic, Coast Guard vessel reports." March 16, 1972.
Bridgeport Telegram, "Fight to Preserve Penfield Lighthouse Being Pressed by Weicker, McKinney." July 4, 1970.
Brophy, Andrew. "Penfield Reef Lighthouse casts long shadow." Connecticut Post, September 2, 1999.
Brophy, Andrew. "Repairs planned at lighthouse." Connecticut Post, June 11, 2000.
"Cows browsed on reef years ago, keeper believes." Circa 1920s newspaper article, source unknown.
DeBlois, Frank. "Tales of a not-so-ancient Connecticut mariner." Bridgeport Sunday Post, March 2, 1941.
Delaney, Edmund T. The Connecticut Shore. New York: Weathervane Books, 1969.
Fairfield Town Crier, "96-Year-Old Lighthouse Wins Demolition Stay." January 17, 1970.
Gleason, Sarah C. Kindly Lights: A History of the Lighthouses of Southern New England. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1991.
Hamilton, Harlan. Lights and Legends: A Historical Guide to Lighthouses of Long Island Sound, Fishers Island Sound and Block Island Sound. Stamford, CT: Wescott Cove Publishing Company, 1987.
Hutchison, Andy and Sarah Yerrington. "Penfield Light Shines On." Fairfield Minuteman, June 15, 2000.
Kochel, Kenneth G., updated and revised by Jeremy D'Entremont. America's Atlantic Coast Lighthouses: A Traveler's Guide. Wells, Maine: Lighthouse Digest, 2000.
Leo, Aaron J. "Shedding Light on a Dispute." Fairfield Citizen-News, September 17, 1999.
"Light-House at Black Rock," Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury, 40th Congress 2nd Session, Ex. Doc. No. 317.
"Lighthouse Keepers Bow to Automation Takeover." December 3, 1971, source unknown.
"Lighthouse needs radiocasting outfit." 1926 newspaper article, source unknown.
Morris, Major H. C. "Sunken Chimes Are Said to Still Ring Warning." Bridgeport Sunday Post, date unknown.
National Register of Historic Places Evaluation/Return Sheet. U.S. Department of the Interior, 1990.
Norwalk Hour, "Three fishermen feared drowned." October 20, 1930.
"Observer spends night at Penfield Reef Light; finds lamp itself tiny." Newspaper clipping, date and source unknown.
Petzolt, Harold. "Lessons My Father Told Me." Lighthouse Digest, August 1995.
Shaw, Jennifer M. "A new beginning for an old treasure." Brooks Community Newspapers, June 22, 2000.
"Vow visits of ghostly being have followed drowning of former keeper." Circa 1920s newspaper article, source unknown.
Yerrington, Sarah. "Does 'Fairfield's' Penfield Light really belong to Brideport?" Fairfield Minuteman, September 9, 1999.
Correspondence with Clark Ellison, 2003.