The town of Dartmouth, on the south coast of Massachusetts at the west side of the entrance to Buzzards Bay, grew as a center for shipbuilding and whaling in the early nineteenth century. A lighthouse was needed to help guide local shipping traffic, and Dumpling Rock, a few hundred yards offshore from Round Hill Point, was an ideal location. On May 23, 1828, a sum of $4,000 was appropriated for the lighthouse.
The initial structure on Dumpling Rock consisted of a two-story, stone dwelling with a lantern on its roof. It was first lighted on October 19, 1828, and Levi Smith was the first keeper at a yearly salary of $400. The lantern held a system of 10 ten10 lamps and 14-inch reflectors, exhibiting a fixed white light 43 feet above the sea, visible for 10 nautical miles.
In the early 19th century a kind of semaphore system was employed by the keeper at Dumpling Rock Light. When a ship was approaching New Bedford Harbor, the keeper would raise a signal arm on a post. The merchants of New Bedford, seeing the signal, would prepare to sell their goods to the incoming mariners.
Lt. Edward W. Carpender of the U.S. Navy visited Dumpling Rock during a survey in 1838 and found the lighthouse poorly attended. He wrote:
In fairness to the keeper, life at isolated Dumpling Rock was difficult. The condition of the reflectors was probably not the keeper's fault. Smith reported in 1842 that the silver was all worn off the reflectors. He also complained that the water cistern often was filled with salt water instead of fresh water. The sea often encroached on the light station until the government finally built a wall around Dumpling Rock.
Engineer I.W.P. Lewis inspected Dumpling Rock Light in 1842. He reported that the walls of the dwelling were cracked and and the windows were leaky. He also said that the lantern had been "shaken nearly to pieces in storms." A new lantern and deck were installed in 1851.
In 1888, the Lighthouse Board announced that the dwelling was in such bad condition that it would have been a "waste of money to give it further repair." Instead, a new wood-frame dwelling, 26 by 34 feet, was built on the old foundation in 1890. A square wooden tower was attached to the house, with a lantern containing a fourth-order lens. A new protective bulkhead, 90 feet long and made of hard pine timber, was bolted to the rock and reinforced by stones salvaged from the old dwelling.
The 1893 light list described Dumpling Rock Light:
It was often foggy in the vicinity, and it was decided that a more powerful fog signal was needed. A Daboll trumpet, operated by a steam engine, was put into service on October 12, 1897.
Octave Ponsart, later at Butler Flats, Cuttyhunk and West Chop, was keeper at Dumpling Rock in September 1938 when the worst hurricane in New England history hit. Ponsart and his family were just about to leave on their first vacation in several years, leaving the assistant keeper in charge. Their suitcases had already been placed in a dory when the wind suddenly picked up and the seas rose.
Ponsart and his assistant, Henry Fontineau, tried to secure the lighthouse tower, but the situation soon looked hopeless. The first floor of the house filled with water. Ponsart and his wife, daughter and niece, along with Fontineau and his wife, all went to an upstairs bedroom, leaving the station's dog, Rexeena, swimming on the first floor. Chunks of roof flew off and all the windows were quickly broken.
Suddenly there was a thunderous crash and a violent shaking of the house. Ponsart and Fontineau looked downstairs to find water almost to the ceiling. A huge piece of Dumpling Rock itself had been torn away and crashed through the living room wall. The boulder stayed in place partly inside the house, anchoring the dwelling to the rock. This lucky accident may have saved the lives of the keepers and their families as the house remained anchored throughout the storm. Emma Ponsart later said that the hymn, "Rock of Ages, Cleft for Me," held new meaning for her after that day.
Rexeena survived by climbing to the top shelf of a linen closet. The Ponsarts and Fontineaus lost all their belongings and had to make repairs to the station themselves.
The remains of the lighthouse were removed in 1942 and a skeleton tower was erected in its place, exhibiting a flashing green light. The automatic light at Dumpling Rock remains an active aid to navigation.
You can read much more about this lighthouse in the book The Lighthouses of Massachusetts by Jeremy D'Entremont.
Keepers: (This list is a work in progress. If you have any information on the keepers of this lighthouse, I'd love to hear from you. You can email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Anyone copying this list onto another web site does so at their own risk, as the list is always subject to updates and corrections.)
Levi Smith (1828-1856); C. C. Smith (1856-1873); Thomas Allen (assistant 1867-1870); George Sistare (assistant 1870-1873, keeper 1873-1883); Frank W. Thomas (1883-1884); Charles H. Hinckley (1884-1892); William H. Doane (1892-1896); Maynard F. Rush (1896-1908); George V. C. Bacon (1st assistant, 1900); Ernest R. Sylvester (1st assistant 1900-1903); Percy S. Williams (1st assistant 1903-?); Samuel F. Dunton (1st assistant, then keeper 1904-1908); Vivian A. Currier (1st assistant 1904); Jonathan Loving (?) (1st assistant 1904-1905); Edward E. Brewer (assistant, then keeper 1911-?); E. H. Snell (1908-1911); Howard A. Haggett (?) (1st assistant 1909); George Brightman (1st assistant 1909); F. W. Field (1st assistant 1909); John Lopes (assistant 1909); William E. Wheeler (assistant c. 1909); Frank W. Craig (c. early 1900s); Pierre Albert Nadeau (assistant, c. 1919-192?); Frederick A. C. Bohm (assistant, 1926-1927); John E. Rogers (1927-?); Albert W. Bartow (?); George T. Gustavus (c. 1933-1936); J. J. Collins (1936); Octave Ponsart (1937-1942); Henry Fontineau, assistant (c. 1936-1940).